Ghana 3rd most peaceful country in Africa
Ghana has ranked the third most peaceful country in Africa in the latest rating by the Institute for Economics (IEP).
The country was also rated the 43rd most peaceful country in the world.
Ghana’s ranking was contained in the 14th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI).
The index ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness.
Per the rating, Ghana up one place from the 2019 GPI and is now behind only Mauritius (1st) and Botswana (2nd) in sub-Saharan Africa.
South Sudan maintained its first position as the most peaceful country in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ghana’s rise on the rankings was despite Sub-Saharan Africa recording a slight fall in peacefulness on the 2020 GPI, with an overall score deterioration of 0.5 per cent.
Meanwhile, 24 African countries deteriorated in the peacefulness ranking whereas 20 improved.
South Africa, Cote d’Ivoire and Equatorial Guinea were the largest improvers with improvements of more 6 percent.
Benin experienced the biggest deterioration of any country in the world, falling 34 places in the ranking to 106th on the 2020 GPI.
This was attributed to the sporadic clashes, which erupted across the country following the election in April 2019, in which the opposition party was effectively banned, leading to a deterioration in political instability.
Following Benin as the second country with largest deterioration was Niger.
It recorded cross-border armed robberies and violent crime by gangs.
Civil unrest in sub-Saharan Africa rose by more than 800 per cent over the period, from 32 riots and protests in 2011 to 292 in 2018, the index said.
On the global stage, Iceland maintained the first position as the most peaceful country in the world.
It has held this position since 2008. It was followed by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark.
Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the second year in a row, followed by Syria, Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen. All, except Yemen, have been ranked amongst the five least peaceful since at least 2015.
According to the index, the world is now considerably less peaceful than it was at the inception of the index. Since 2008 the average level of country peacefulness has deteriorated 3.76 per cent.
”There have been year on year deteriorations in peacefulness for nine of the last 12 years. The fall in peacefulness over the past decade was caused by a wide range of factors, including increased terrorist activity, the intensification of conflicts in the Middle East, rising regional tensions in Eastern Europe and Northeast Asia, and increasing numbers of refugees and heightened political tensions in Europe and the US,” the report said.
Only two of the nine regions in the world became more peaceful over the past year. The greatest improvement occurred in the Russia and Eurasia region, followed by North America. North America was the only region to record improvements across all three domains, while Russia and Eurasia recorded improvements in OngoingConflict and Safety and Security, but a deterioration on the Militarisation domain.
The results this year show that the level of global peacefulness deteriorated, with the average country score falling by 0.34 per cent. This is the ninth deterioration in peacefulness in the last twelve years, with 81 countries improving, and 80 recording deteriorations over the past year.
About the GPI
Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the GPI is a measure of global peacefulness. The report presents a data-driven analysis of trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.
The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation.