The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and medical officer for King David Medical Centre, Spintex, Dr. Agyemang Duah has underscored the need for much attention to be given to Hepatitis B to reduce infection.
He is advocating for serious education and education to ensure that people understand the disease and its effects.
Hepatitis B is one of the most deadly diseases caused by a hepatitis B virus (HBV) which infects the liver of hominoidae, including humans, and causes an inflammation called hepatitis. This disease is ranked by the World Health Organization as the ninth leading cause of death in the world, while the Ghana Health Service estimates the disease prevalence as one in every six individuals, representing 40 per cent of the population.
Speaking in an interview with Kwame Tutu on Frontline’s Health Check on Monday, Dr. Duah said the disease spread when people come in contact with the blood, open sores, or body fluids of someone who has the virus.
It can spread through unprotected sex, Contact with your blood or an open sore or sharing needles or syringes.
Sex addicts who prefer oral sex he explained are also at risk of getting infected.
He cautioned people to be cautious and take good care of themselves to prevent them from contracting the infection.
According to him, some individuals infected may not have symptoms when infected but some also develops what he termed ‘’onset of illness’’ after infection.
He admonished individuals to report to the hospital to check if they have been infected when they see any of the symptoms. ''Go and check if you have the infection or not. It is not expensive.If you are infected, there are treatments to make sure you survive. If you do not have, you would be advised to take good care of yourself.''
How Do I Know if I Have It?
When you’re first infected, the warning signs include:
Jaundice. (Your skin or the whites of the eyes turn yellow, and your pee turns brown or orange.)
Fatigue that persists for weeks or months
Stomach trouble like loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting
How Is It Prevented?
To help keep a hepatitis B infection from spreading:
Get vaccinated (if you haven’t already been infected).
Use condoms every time you have sex.
Wear gloves when you clean up after others, especially if you have to touch bandages, tampons, and linens.
Cover all open cuts or wounds.
Don’t share razors, toothbrushes, nail care tools, or pierced earrings with anyone.
Don’t share chewing gum or pre-chew food for a baby.